Ontology - tcodex

Abstract
OLiA Annotation Model for the Tatian Corpus of Deviating Examples (T-CODEX, Petrova et al. 2009) and other resources for Old High German (OHG) assembled by project B4 of the Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 632 "Information Structure" (2003-2015), Universit├Ąt Potsdam, HU Berlin. The present corpus, the Tatian Corpus of Deviating Examples T-CODEX 2.0, provides morpho-syntactic and information structural annotation of parts of the Old High German translation attested in the MS St. Gallen Cod. 56, traditionally called the OHG Tatian, one of the largest prose texts from the classical OHG period. This corpus was designed and annotated by Project B4 of Collaborative Research Center on Information Structure at Humboldt University Berlin. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011) Unless marked otherwise, all comments are authored by Svetlana Petrova from the 2008 edition of this ontology. Additional resources consulted for the development of this ontology include Petrova and Odebrecht (2011). References: Svetlana Petrova and Carolin Odebrecht (2011), Tatian Corpus of Deviating Examples. T-CODEX 2.1 Corpus Description (version of 21-Mar-2011). Technical Report, HU Berlin, https://korpling.german.hu-berlin.de/~annis/T-CODEX/corpus_description_tatian2.1.pdf Petrova, Svetlana, Solf, Michael, Ritz, Julia, Chiarcos, Christian, Zeldes, Amir (2009) Building and using a richly annotated interlinear diachronic corpus: the case of Old High German Tatian. Traitement Automatique des Langues 50 (2): 47-71.
Latest Version
http://purl.org/olia/tcodex.owl#

Imports

Classes - Overview

G system_UnitOfAnnotation Unit Of Annotation (system) InformationStructure Information Structure system_UnitOfAnnotation->InformationStructure is a Morpho-Syntactic Morpho- Syntactic system_UnitOfAnnotation->Morpho-Syntactic is a Aboutness Aboutness Frame Frame Aboutness->Frame is a Referent Referent Aboutness->Referent is a AccessibleInformation Accessible Information Adjective Adjective AdjectivialPhrase Adjectivial Phrase Adverb Adverb CausalAdverb Causal Adverb Adverb->CausalAdverb is a DirectionalAdverb Directional Adverb Adverb->DirectionalAdverb is a LocalAdverb Local Adverb Adverb->LocalAdverb is a ModalAdverb Modal Adverb Adverb->ModalAdverb is a TemporalAdverb Temporal Adverb Adverb->TemporalAdverb is a AdverbalPhrase Adverbal Phrase Adverbial Adverbial CausalAdverbial Causal Adverbial Adverbial->CausalAdverbial is a ComitativeAdverbial Comitative Adverbial Adverbial->ComitativeAdverbial is a ConditionalAdverb Conditional Adverb Adverbial->ConditionalAdverb is a InstrumentalAdverbial Instrumental Adverbial Adverbial->InstrumentalAdverbial is a LocalAdverbial Local Adverbial Adverbial->LocalAdverbial is a ModalAdverbial Modal Adverbial Adverbial->ModalAdverbial is a SententialAdverbial Sentential Adverbial Adverbial->SententialAdverbial is a TemporalAdverbial Temporal Adverbial Adverbial->TemporalAdverbial is a AnaphoricReference Anaphoric Reference Apposition Apposition Attrbute_to_Object Attrbute_to_ Object Attribute Attribute Attribute->Attrbute_to_Object is a Attribute_to_PredicateNoun Attribute_to_ Predicate Noun Attribute->Attribute_to_PredicateNoun is a Attribute_to_Subject Attribute_to_ Subject Attribute->Attribute_to_Subject is a AttributiveSubordinateClause Attributive Subordinate Clause AuxiliaryVerb Auxiliary Verb Causal Causal ClauseStatus Clause Status ClauseStatus->Causal is a InfinitivalClause Infinitival Clause ClauseStatus->InfinitivalClause is a MainClause Main Clause ClauseStatus->MainClause is a ParticipialConstruction Participial Construction ClauseStatus->ParticipialConstruction is a RelativeClause Relative Clause ClauseStatus->RelativeClause is a SubordinateClause Subordinate Clause ClauseStatus->SubordinateClause is a Comment Comment ComparativeSubordinateClause Comparative Subordinate Clause ComplementizerPhrase Complementizer Phrase ConcessiveSubordinateClause Concessive Subordinate Clause ConditionalSubordinateClause Conditional Subordinate Clause Conjunction Conjunction ConsecutiveSubordinateClause Consecutive Subordinate Clause Context Context Context->AnaphoricReference is a SituationShift Situation Shift Context->SituationShift is a ContrastFocus Contrast Focus CopulaVerb Copula Verb DeclarativeMainClause Declarative Main Clause Definite Definite Definiteness Definiteness Definiteness->Definite is a Indefinite Indefinite Definiteness->Indefinite is a DemonstrativePronoun Demonstrative Pronoun DirectObject Direct Object Directional Directional FinalSubordinateClause Final Subordinate Clause FiniteVerb Finite Verb FocusBackground Focus Background FocusBackground->ContrastFocus is a FocusMarker Focus Marker FocusBackground->FocusMarker is a MixedFocusForm Mixed Focus Form FocusBackground->MixedFocusForm is a NewInformationFocus New Information Focus FocusBackground->NewInformationFocus is a FocusSensitiveOperator Focus Sensitive Operator FocusMarker->FocusSensitiveOperator is a QuestionWord Question Word FocusMarker->QuestionWord is a GermanVorfeld German Vorfeld Gerund Gerund GivenInformation Given Information Givenness Givenness Givenness->AccessibleInformation is a Givenness->GivenInformation is a NewInformation New Information Givenness->NewInformation is a GrammaticalFunction Grammatical Function GrammaticalFunction->Adverbial is a GrammaticalFunction->Apposition is a GrammaticalFunction->Attribute is a GrammaticalFunction->DirectObject is a GrammaticalFunction->Directional is a GrammaticalFunction->FiniteVerb is a GrammaticalFunction->Gerund is a IndirectObject Indirect Object GrammaticalFunction->IndirectObject is a Infinitive Infinitive GrammaticalFunction->Infinitive is a Participle Participle GrammaticalFunction->Participle is a PredicateNoun Predicate Noun GrammaticalFunction->PredicateNoun is a PredicativeAttribute Predicative Attribute GrammaticalFunction->PredicativeAttribute is a PrepositionalObject Prepositional Object GrammaticalFunction->PrepositionalObject is a Subject Subject GrammaticalFunction->Subject is a VocativeForm Vocative Form GrammaticalFunction->VocativeForm is a HangingTopic Hanging Topic ImperativeMainClause Imperative Main Clause IndefinitePronoun Indefinite Pronoun InflectedPOS Inflected P O S InflectedPOS->Adjective is a Noun Noun InflectedPOS->Noun is a Numeral Numeral InflectedPOS->Numeral is a Pronoun Pronoun InflectedPOS->Pronoun is a Verb Verb InflectedPOS->Verb is a InformationStructure->Context is a InformationStructure->FocusBackground is a InformationStructure->Givenness is a TopicComment Topic Comment InformationStructure->TopicComment is a InitionalPosition Initional Position InitionalPosition->GermanVorfeld is a InitionalPosition->HangingTopic is a LeftDislocation Left Dislocation InitionalPosition->LeftDislocation is a Interjection Interjection InterrogativeMainClause Interrogative Main Clause InterrogativePronoun Interrogative Pronoun InterrogativeSubordinateClause Interrogative Subordinate Clause LocalSubordinateClause Local Subordinate Clause MainClause->DeclarativeMainClause is a MainClause->ImperativeMainClause is a MainClause->InterrogativeMainClause is a OptativeMainClause Optative Main Clause MainClause->OptativeMainClause is a RequestMainClause Request Main Clause MainClause->RequestMainClause is a MainVerb Main Verb ModalSubordinateClause Modal Subordinate Clause ModalVerb Modal Verb Morpho-Syntactic->ClauseStatus is a Morpho-Syntactic->GrammaticalFunction is a POS P O S Morpho-Syntactic->POS is a SyntacticalCategory Syntactical Category Morpho-Syntactic->SyntacticalCategory is a NegationWord Negation Word NonInflectedPOS Non Inflected P O S NonInflectedPOS->Adverb is a NonInflectedPOS->Conjunction is a NonInflectedPOS->Interjection is a NonInflectedPOS->NegationWord is a Particle Particle NonInflectedPOS->Particle is a Preposition Preposition NonInflectedPOS->Preposition is a NonInitionalPosition Non Initional Position NounPhrase Noun Phrase ObjectFunctionRelativeClause Object Function Relative Clause ObjectSubordinateClause Object Subordinate Clause POS->InflectedPOS is a POS->NonInflectedPOS is a PastParticiple Past Participle Participle->PastParticiple is a PresentParticiple Present Participle Participle->PresentParticiple is a PersonalPronoun Personal Pronoun Position Position Position->InitionalPosition is a Position->NonInitionalPosition is a PossessivePronoun Possessive Pronoun PrepositionalPhrase Prepositional Phrase Pronoun->DemonstrativePronoun is a Pronoun->IndefinitePronoun is a Pronoun->InterrogativePronoun is a Pronoun->PersonalPronoun is a Pronoun->PossessivePronoun is a ReciprocalPronoun Reciprocal Pronoun Pronoun->ReciprocalPronoun is a ReflexivePronoun Reflexive Pronoun Pronoun->ReflexivePronoun is a RelativePronoun Relative Pronoun Pronoun->RelativePronoun is a RelativeClause->ObjectFunctionRelativeClause is a SubjectFunctionRelativeClause Subject Function Relative Clause RelativeClause->SubjectFunctionRelativeClause is a SubjectSubordinateClause Subject Subordinate Clause SubordinateClause->AttributiveSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ComparativeSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ConcessiveSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ConditionalSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ConsecutiveSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->FinalSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->InterrogativeSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->LocalSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ModalSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->ObjectSubordinateClause is a SubordinateClause->SubjectSubordinateClause is a TemporalSubordinateClause Temporal Subordinate Clause SubordinateClause->TemporalSubordinateClause is a SyntacticalCategory->AdjectivialPhrase is a SyntacticalCategory->AdverbalPhrase is a SyntacticalCategory->ComplementizerPhrase is a SyntacticalCategory->NounPhrase is a SyntacticalCategory->PrepositionalPhrase is a VerbalPhrase Verbal Phrase SyntacticalCategory->VerbalPhrase is a Topic Topic TopicComment->Aboutness is a TopicComment->Comment is a TopicComment->Definiteness is a TopicComment->Position is a TopicComment->Topic is a TopicMarker Topic Marker TopicComment->TopicMarker is a Verb->AuxiliaryVerb is a Verb->CopulaVerb is a Verb->MainVerb is a Verb->ModalVerb is a VerbalNoun Verbal Noun Verb->VerbalNoun is a

Properties - Overview

Classes

Aboutness G Aboutness Aboutness
Abstract This tag is given to phrases that are potential candidates for topics in the clause.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
AccessibleInformation G AccessibleInformation Accessible Information
Abstract This tag is given to expressions that are accessible via contextual reference to a given entitiy or to the assumed world knowledge of the interlocutors.
SubClass Of
Adjective G Adjective Adjective
SubClass Of
AdjectivialPhrase G AdjectivialPhrase Adjectivial Phrase
Abstract A adjectival phrase is a phrase whose head is a adjective.
SubClass Of
Adverb G Adverb Adverb
Abstract This tag is assigned to adverbs of all kinds, i.e. to adverbs of time, place, incl. location and direction, and to adverbs of cause and manner. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011).
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
AdverbalPhrase G AdverbalPhrase Adverbal Phrase
Abstract An adverbial or adverbial phrase is a linguistic term for a single adverb or a group of more than one word operating adverbially, when viewed in terms of their syntactic function. An adverbial phrase can modify a verb phrase, an adjectival phrase or an entire clause. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adverbial_phrase 23.07.08)
SubClass Of
Adverbial G Adverbial Adverbial
Abstract An adverbial is a nonobligatory adjunct position which can be further specified according to its semantic function. The tag adv is given incase the interpretation of the adjunct is ambigious or impossible for particular reasons.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
AnaphoricReference G AnaphoricReference Anaphoric Reference
Abstract Context: Here, we annotate the relation of the clause with respect to the preceding context, especially in terms of discourse organization. We mainly distinguish between ?situation shift? (Situationswechsel) und ?anaphoric reference? (?AR?). Situationswechsel involves a change of time, place, speaker/narrator and participants. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Apposition G Apposition Apposition
Abstract An apposition is a repetition of an argument expression which provides further information, eg. "zachar?as sin fater" (Zacharia, his father).
SubClass Of
Attrbute_to_Object G Attrbute_to_Object Attrbute_to_ Object
Abstract This attribute modifies the object.
SubClass Of
Attribute G Attribute Attribute
Abstract An attribute is a modifier to a noun.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
Attribute_to_PredicateNoun G Attribute_to_PredicateNoun Attribute_to_ Predicate Noun
Abstract This attribute modifies a predicate noun.
SubClass Of
Attribute_to_Subject G Attribute_to_Subject Attribute_to_ Subject
Abstract This attribute modifies the subject.
SubClass Of
AttributiveSubordinateClause G AttributiveSubordinateClause Attributive Subordinate Clause
Abstract This tag is given to argument clauses which modify an argument of the matrix clause.
SubClass Of
AuxiliaryVerb G AuxiliaryVerb Auxiliary Verb
Abstract An auxiliary verb is a verb which accompanies the lexical verb of a verb phrase, and expresses grammatical distinctions not carried by the lexical verb, such as person, number, tense aspect, and voice. (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAuxiliaryVerb.htm 19.09.06)
SubClass Of
Causal G Causal Causal
Abstract Clauses introduced by the causal conjunctions "uuanta" or "bithiu uuanta" (because) in Old High German are ambigious between main and subordinate clauses. For this reason, they are classified as causal uniformly.
SubClass Of
CausalAdverb G CausalAdverb Causal Adverb
Abstract This tag is given to adverbs of cause.
SubClass Of
CausalAdverbial G CausalAdverbial Causal Adverbial
Abstract This is an adverbial of cause.
SubClass Of
ClauseStatus G ClauseStatus Clause Status
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
ComitativeAdverbial G ComitativeAdverbial Comitative Adverbial
Abstract comitative adverbial: This is an adverbial denoting an accompanying person. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Comment G Comment Comment
Abstract The rest of a clause with a topic is annotated for comment. If the entire clause is annotated for comment, this implies that a topic-comment division applies but there is no overt topic phrase (e.g., due to topic-drop etc.).
SubClass Of
ComparativeSubordinateClause G ComparativeSubordinateClause Comparative Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses comparison.
SubClass Of
ConcessiveSubordinateClause G ConcessiveSubordinateClause Concessive Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses a concessive relation to the matrix clause. In modern German these clauses are introduced by "obwohl", "obschon" or "auch wenn".
SubClass Of
ConditionalAdverb G ConditionalAdverb Conditional Adverb
Abstract conditional adverb: this adverbial denotes a condition. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
ConditionalSubordinateClause G ConditionalSubordinateClause Conditional Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses conditions.
SubClass Of
Conjunction G Conjunction Conjunction
Abstract This tag is given to conjunctions in general. We do not differentiate at this level between coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
SubClass Of
ConsecutiveSubordinateClause G ConsecutiveSubordinateClause Consecutive Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses consequences.
SubClass Of
Context G Context Context
Abstract Context: Here, we annotate the relation of the clause with respect to the preceding context, especially in terms of discourse organization. We mainly distinguish between ?situation shift? (Situationswechsel) und ?anaphoric reference? (?AR?). Situationswechsel involves a change of time, place, speaker/narrator and participants. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
ContrastFocus G ContrastFocus Contrast Focus
SubClass Of
CopulaVerb G CopulaVerb Copula Verb
Abstract A copula is a verb that links the subject or an object to another phrase, adjective etc. which is part of a complex predicate. The complement of a copula is annotated as PredicateNoun.
SubClass Of
DeclarativeMainClause G DeclarativeMainClause Declarative Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to main declarative sentences.
SubClass Of
Definite G Definite Definite
SubClass Of
Definiteness G Definiteness Definiteness
Abstract At this level, we annotate the semantic properties of phrases with respect to the definite/indefinite distinction. In OHG, the system of definite determiners is not developed yet. Therefore, we annotate the semantic interpretation of the phrase despite of the presence of a definite or indefinite marker.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
DemonstrativePronoun G DemonstrativePronoun Demonstrative Pronoun
Abstract In OHG, the demonstrative pronouns are also used as articles (definite determiners).
SubClass Of
Directional G Directional Directional
Abstract This is given to the directional arguments of verbs of movement, e.g. "in b&hleem" in "santa sie in b&hleem" (And sent them to Bethlehem.) (T_040_02)
SubClass Of
DirectionalAdverb G DirectionalAdverb Directional Adverb
Abstract This tag is given to adverbs of direction. In some cases, they can be potentially interpreted as separable verb prefixes which are formally identical with directional adverbs in OHG. See ?zuo? in ?gieng tho zuo/ ein buochari? (One of the learned man approached) (T__085_21-22). If you want to search for potential prefixes that are stranded from the finite verb, look for entities that are annotated as ?adv:dir? at the level of ?pos? and ?dir? at the level of ?gf?.
SubClass Of
DirectObject G DirectObject Direct Object
SubClass Of
FinalSubordinateClause G FinalSubordinateClause Final Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses intentions.
SubClass Of
FiniteVerb G FiniteVerb Finite Verb
Abstract This tag at the level of grammatical function is forced by the subject matter of the project B4, namely to investigate verb-object orders in Old High German. It is of utmost importances to distinguish between tensed and untensed verb forms and to have a quick access to the finite verb in the annotation. (Pintzuk, Susann: Phrase Structures in Competition. Variation in change in old english word order, Garland New York 1999)
SubClass Of
FocusSensitiveOperator (focus-sensitive operator) G FocusSensitiveOperator Focus Sensitive Operator
SubClass Of
FocusBackground G FocusBackground Focus Background
Abstract For more information
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
FocusMarker G FocusMarker Focus Marker
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
Frame G Frame Frame
Abstract This tag is given to frame-setting topics, i.e. to expressions that reflect identifiable time spans and locations within which the predication holds. For more details, see SFB-Guildelines, Sec. 4.2.3.
SubClass Of
GermanVorfeld G GermanVorfeld German Vorfeld
Abstract German Vorfeld: This tag is assigned to the clause-initial constituent of a V2 main clause. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Gerund G Gerund Gerund
Abstract This tag at the level of grammatical function is forced by the subject matter of the project B4, namely to investigate verb-object orders in Old High German. It is of utmost importances to distinguish between tensed and untensed verb forms and to have a quick access to these categories in the annotation. (Pintzuk, Susann: Phrase Structures in Competition. Variation in change in old english word order, Garland New York 1999)
SubClass Of
GivenInformation G GivenInformation Given Information
Abstract This tag is given to expressions that refer to entities with a given antecedent in the context.
SubClass Of
Givenness G Givenness Givenness
Abstract The following tags are given to discourse refernts only. For more details on entities that have to be annotated at this level, see the SFB-Guildelines.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
GrammaticalFunction G GrammaticalFunction Grammatical Function
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
HangingTopic G HangingTopic Hanging Topic
Abstract hanging topic: In this construction, a dislocated element and its resuming pronoun do not necessarily agree in case, number and gender. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
ImperativeMainClause G ImperativeMainClause Imperative Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to main sentences which use the imperative mood to utter requests.
SubClass Of
Indefinite G Indefinite Indefinite
SubClass Of
IndefinitePronoun G IndefinitePronoun Indefinite Pronoun
Abstract This is a cover term for indefinites and quantifiers in OHG including items like "many", "all", "some" etc.
SubClass Of
IndirectObject G IndirectObject Indirect Object
SubClass Of
InfinitivalClause G InfinitivalClause Infinitival Clause
Abstract This tag is given to nonfinite complement clauses.
SubClass Of
Infinitive G Infinitive Infinitive
Abstract This tag at the level of grammatical function is forced by the subject matter of the project B4, namely to investigate verb-object orders in Old High German. It is of utmost importances to distinguish between tensed and untensed verb forms and to have a quick access to these categories in the annotation. (Pintzuk, Susann: Phrase Structures in Competition. Variation in change in old english word order, Garland New York 1999)
SubClass Of
InflectedPOS G InflectedPOS Inflected P O S
Abstract inflected part of speech
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
InformationStructure G InformationStructure Information Structure
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
InitionalPosition G InitionalPosition Initional Position
Abstract This tag is given to the first constituent before the finite verb in a declarative main clause.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
InstrumentalAdverbial G InstrumentalAdverbial Instrumental Adverbial
Abstract instrumental adverbial: This is an adverbial of instrument. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Interjection G Interjection Interjection
SubClass Of
InterrogativeMainClause G InterrogativeMainClause Interrogative Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to main interrogative sentences. No further distinction is made between constituent (wh) and propositional questions.
SubClass Of
InterrogativePronoun G InterrogativePronoun Interrogative Pronoun
Abstract A interrogative pronoun is a pro-form that is used in questions to stand for the item questioned. (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnInterrogativeProForm.htm 19.09.06)
SubClass Of
InterrogativeSubordinateClause G InterrogativeSubordinateClause Interrogative Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses embedded questions.
SubClass Of
LeftDislocation G LeftDislocation Left Dislocation
Abstract Added in T-CODEX 2.1
SubClass Of
LocalAdverb G LocalAdverb Local Adverb
Abstract This tag is given to adverbs of location.
SubClass Of
LocalAdverbial G LocalAdverbial Local Adverbial
Abstract This is an adverbial of location.
SubClass Of
LocalSubordinateClause G LocalSubordinateClause Local Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses embedded locations.
SubClass Of
MainClause G MainClause Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to independent root clauses with a finite verb. Normally we distinguish between declarative and different types of nondeclarative main clauses, but if a clear-cut distinction is not possible, we use the tag main.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
MainVerb G MainVerb Main Verb
Abstract This tag is given to the main lexical verb in the clause.
SubClass Of
MixedFocusForm G MixedFocusForm Mixed Focus Form
Abstract The categories of ?nif? and ?cf? are not mutually exclusive. If they (partially) overplap, i.e. if a contrastive feature is included in nif, then we use a slash to mark this relation.
SubClass Of
ModalAdverb G ModalAdverb Modal Adverb
Abstract This tag is given to adverbs of manner.
SubClass Of
ModalAdverbial G ModalAdverbial Modal Adverbial
Abstract This is an adverbial of manner.
SubClass Of
ModalSubordinateClause G ModalSubordinateClause Modal Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses manner.
SubClass Of
ModalVerb G ModalVerb Modal Verb
Abstract Modals are a class of verbs that are used most often with an infinitive to express ability, possibility, disposition or obligation. Pay attention to the fact that the list of modal verbs in OHG is larger than in modern German.
SubClass Of
Morpho-Syntactic G Morpho-Syntactic Morpho- Syntactic
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
NegationWord G NegationWord Negation Word
Abstract In this category we subsume words that express sentence negation in Old High German:for example the negative particle "ni/ ne" which cliticizes on the finite verb, like in "Ni quam ih" (I didn't come) or words like "nalles" (and not), "noh" (neither).
SubClass Of
NewInformation G NewInformation New Information
Abstract This tag is given to expressions that refer to entities with no antecedent in the context.
SubClass Of
NewInformationFocus G NewInformationFocus New Information Focus
SubClass Of
NonInflectedPOS G NonInflectedPOS Non Inflected P O S
Abstract non-inflected part of speech
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
NonInitionalPosition G NonInitionalPosition Non Initional Position
Abstract This tag refers to all non-initial constituents in main declarative clauses.
SubClass Of
Noun G Noun Noun
SubClass Of
NounPhrase G NounPhrase Noun Phrase
Abstract A noun phrase is a phrase whose head is a noun or a pronoun.
SubClass Of
Numeral G Numeral Numeral
Abstract Numeral is a cover term for cardinal numers, ordinal numbers and some special classes like 'both', 'lots of', 'half'. (Helbig, G., Buscha J., Deutsche Grammatik, Leipzig Enzyklop?die 10. edition, 1987, page 320 f.) Example: "zuelif iaro" (twelve years) (T_096_31-32)
SubClass Of
ObjectFunctionRelativeClause G ObjectFunctionRelativeClause Object Function Relative Clause
Abstract These are relative clauses which function as object.
SubClass Of
ObjectSubordinateClause G ObjectSubordinateClause Object Subordinate Clause
Abstract This tag is given to argument clauses which provide the object of the matrix clause.
SubClass Of
OptativeMainClause G OptativeMainClause Optative Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to main optative sentences which contain the verb in the subjunctive mood.
SubClass Of
ParticipialConstruction G ParticipialConstruction Participial Construction
Abstract Participial constructions are used as adjunct clauses in Old High German. As they lack a finite verb form they are kept separately from finite subordinate clauses.
SubClass Of
Participle G Participle Participle
Abstract strukturelle Klasse, nicht in Tagset enthalten
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
Particle G Particle Particle
Abstract Noninflected parts of speech with no proper denotation, but special functions which contribute to the truth value of the sentence. Examples: "uu?rlihho", "?a", "enu"
SubClass Of
PastParticiple G PastParticiple Past Participle
Abstract This tag at the level of grammatical function is forced by the subject matter of the project B4, namely to investigate verb-object orders in Old High German. It is of utmost importances to distinguish between tensed and untensed verb forms and to have a quick access to these categories in the annotation. (Pintzuk, Susann: Phrase Structures in Competition. Variation in change in old english word order, Garland New York 1999)
SubClass Of
PersonalPronoun G PersonalPronoun Personal Pronoun
Abstract A personal pronoun is a pronoun that expresses a distinction of person deixis. (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPersonalPronoun.htm 19.09.06)
SubClass Of
POS G POS P O S
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
Position G Position Position
Abstract This distinction mainly concerns root declaratives. An consistent extension over subclauses will be provided in future.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
PossessivePronoun G PossessivePronoun Possessive Pronoun
Abstract In OHG, there is no formal class of possessive pronouns. We give this tag to the genitive form of personal pronouns used to express possessive relations.
SubClass Of
PredicateNoun G PredicateNoun Predicate Noun
Abstract The predicate noun (Deutsch: Pr?dikatsnomen) is a term used in classical philology to describe the obligatory argument of copula verbs, like 'to be', 'to become', 'to call', etc. The predicate noun can be a noun, an adjective, a prepositional phrase and even a whole sentence. Example: "uuituua" in "thiu uuas uuituua" (She was a widow.) , "cephas" in "thu bist giheizzan cephas" (Your name will be Cephas.)
SubClass Of
PredicativeAttribute G PredicativeAttribute Predicative Attribute
Abstract A traditional term which expresses secondary predication. Example: "blint" in "thaz her blint uuvrdi geboran" (That he was born as a blind man.) (T_220_ 17)
SubClass Of
Preposition G Preposition Preposition
SubClass Of
PrepositionalObject G PrepositionalObject Prepositional Object
Abstract A prepositional phrase which is selected as an argument of a verb or an adjective. Examples: "in inan" in "giloubtun in inan th? sine iungiron" (His disciples started to believe in Him.) (T_056_10) "fora gote" in "siu uuarun rehtiu beidu fora gote" (They were both rightious before God.) (T_026_3)
SubClass Of
PrepositionalPhrase G PrepositionalPhrase Prepositional Phrase
Abstract A prepositional phrase is a phrase whose head is a preposition.
SubClass Of
PresentParticiple G PresentParticiple Present Participle
Abstract This tag at the level of grammatical function is forced by the subject matter of the project B4, namely to investigate verb-object orders in Old High German. It is of utmost importances to distinguish between tensed and untensed verb forms and to have a quick access to these categories in the annotation. (Pintzuk, Susann: Phrase Structures in Competition. Variation in change in old english word order, Garland New York 1999)
SubClass Of
Pronoun G Pronoun Pronoun
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
QuestionWord G QuestionWord Question Word
SubClass Of
ReciprocalPronoun G ReciprocalPronoun Reciprocal Pronoun
Abstract A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun that expresses a mutual feeling or action among the referents of a plural subject. (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAReciprocalPronoun.htm 19.09.06)
SubClass Of
Referent G Referent Referent
Abstract This tag is given to expressions that are possible aboutness topics of the clause. For more information on the notion of aboutness, see SFB-Guideline 4.2.2.
SubClass Of
ReflexivePronoun G ReflexivePronoun Reflexive Pronoun
Abstract A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that has coreference with the subject. (http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAReflexivePronoun.htm 19.09.06)
SubClass Of
RelativeClause G RelativeClause Relative Clause
Abstract Clauses introduced by the demonstrative pronouns in relative function in Old High German are ambigious between main and subordinate clauses. For this reason, they are classified as relative uniformly. Headless relative clauses are further specified according to their function in the clause, e.g. relative subject or relative object.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
RelativePronoun G RelativePronoun Relative Pronoun
Abstract In OHG, there is no formal class of relative pronouns. We give this tag to different demonstrative pronouns used to introduce a relative clause.
SubClass Of
RequestMainClause G RequestMainClause Request Main Clause
Abstract This tag is given to main sentences which use the subjunctive mood to utter requests.
SubClass Of
ComplementizerPhrase (sentential complementizer) G ComplementizerPhrase Complementizer Phrase
Abstract The complementizer is widely held to be the syntactic head of a full clause, which is therefore often represented by the abbreviation CP (for complementizer phrase). (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complementizer 23.07.08)
SubClass Of
SententialAdverbial G SententialAdverbial Sentential Adverbial
Abstract sentential adverb This kind of adverbial relates to the entire proposition. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
SituationShift G SituationShift Situation Shift
Abstract Context: Here, we annotate the relation of the clause with respect to the preceding context, especially in terms of discourse organization. We mainly distinguish between ?situation shift? (Situationswechsel) und ?anaphoric reference? (?AR?). Situationswechsel involves a change of time, place, speaker/narrator and participants. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
SubClass Of
Subject G Subject Subject
SubClass Of
SubjectFunctionRelativeClause G SubjectFunctionRelativeClause Subject Function Relative Clause
Abstract These are relative clauses which function as subject.
SubClass Of
SubjectSubordinateClause G SubjectSubordinateClause Subject Subordinate Clause
Abstract This tag is given to argument clauses which provide the subject of the matrix clause.
SubClass Of
SubordinateClause G SubordinateClause Subordinate Clause
Abstract This category comprises all finite dependent clauses introduced by a subordinative conjunction except of causal clauses which are kept separately.
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
SyntacticalCategory G SyntacticalCategory Syntactical Category
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
system:UnitOfAnnotation G system_UnitOfAnnotation Unit Of Annotation (system)
Namespace http://purl.org/olia/system.owl#
Sub-Classes
TemporalAdverb G TemporalAdverb Temporal Adverb
Abstract This is an adverbial of temporal location and extension.
SubClass Of
TemporalAdverbial G TemporalAdverbial Temporal Adverbial
Abstract This is an adverbial of temporal location and extension.
SubClass Of
TemporalSubordinateClause G TemporalSubordinateClause Temporal Subordinate Clause
Abstract This type of subclause expresses temporal location or extension.
SubClass Of
Topic G Topic Topic
Abstract If the sentence favours a topic-comment reading as describe below 5., we mark the constituent that is put in A for topic.
SubClass Of
TopicComment G TopicComment Topic Comment
Abstract Anntoation at this level applies if the sentence favours an unambiguous topic-comment reding, i.e., if the utterance allows for any of the types of canonical tests for topics like ?As for X, A says that X?? or ? A says about X that X?.?
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
TopicMarker G TopicMarker Topic Marker
Abstract das entsprechende Wort, was einen Topic markiert kein; Tag
SubClass Of
Verb G Verb Verb
SubClass Of
Sub-Classes
VerbalNoun G VerbalNoun Verbal Noun
Abstract According to the standard literature the category of VerbalNoun in Old High German is a cover term that comprises the noninflected and the inflected infinitives (gerund) and the two participles, the present and the past participle. (Braune, Wilhelm Althochdeutsche Grammatik I - Laut- und Formenlehre, 15. edition by Reiffenstein, Ingo; T?bingen NIemeyer 2004, ?301.5, p.257) Examples: noninflected infinitive: "ziohan" (to draw, to pull) inflected infinitive after a preposition (zi) which selects the dative case (gerund): "zigebanne" (T_031_23) present participle: "sehenti" (seeing/ looking) (T_026_21) past participle: "gitruobet" (aggrieved, saddened) (T_026_20)
SubClass Of
VerbalPhrase G VerbalPhrase Verbal Phrase
SubClass Of
VocativeForm G VocativeForm Vocative Form
Abstract An expression referring to a person to which the utterance is addressed, e.g. "truhtin", "meistar" or "fater". The vocative expression typically occurs outside of the clause and not in an argument position selected by the predicate.
SubClass Of

Datatype Properties

system:hasTag G system_hasTag hasTag (system)
Namespace http://purl.org/olia/system.owl#
system:hasTier G system_hasTier hasTier (system)
Namespace http://purl.org/olia/system.owl#

Individuals

ADVCOM G ADVCOM ADVCOM ComitativeAdverbial
Class
ADVCOND G ADVCOND ADVCOND ConditionalAdverb
Class
ADVINSTR G ADVINSTR ADVINSTR InstrumentalAdverbial
Class
ADVSENT G ADVSENT ADVSENT SententialAdverbial
Class
AR G AR AR AnaphoricReference
Class
CF_index G CF_index CF index ContrastFocus
Abstract CF_01: In cases of multiple foci, we assign indices to the foci belonging to different contrastive pairs. (Petrova and Odebrecht 2011)
Class
FOPR G FOPR FOPR FocusSensitiveOperator
Class
GV G GV GV GermanVorfeld
Class
HT G HT HT HangingTopic
Class
LD G LD LD LeftDislocation
Class
PRD G PRD PRD PredicativeAttribute
Class
Situationswechsel G Situationswechsel Situationswechsel SituationShift
Class
acc G acc acc AccessibleInformation
Class
adj G adj adj Adjective
Class
adjp G adjp adjp AdjectivialPhrase
Class
adv G adv adv Adverb
Class
adv_caus G adv_caus adv caus CausalAdverb
Class
adv_dir G adv_dir adv dir DirectionalAdverb
Class
adv_loc G adv_loc adv loc LocalAdverb
Class
adv_mod G adv_mod adv mod ModalAdverb
Class
adv_temp G adv_temp adv temp TemporalAdverb
Class
adverbial G adverbial adverbial Adverbial
Class
advp G advp advp AdverbalPhrase
Class
appos G appos appos Apposition
Class
attr G attr attr Attribute
Class
attr_do G attr_do attr do Attrbute_to_Object
Class
attr_predn G attr_predn attr predn Attribute_to_PredicateNoun
Class
attr_su G attr_su attr su Attribute_to_Subject
Class
aux G aux aux AuxiliaryVerb
Class
caus_adverbial G caus_adverbial caus adverbial CausalAdverbial
Class
causal G causal causal Causal
Class
cf G cf cf ContrastFocus
Class
comm G comm comm Comment
Class
conj G conj conj Conjunction
Class
cop G cop cop CopulaVerb
Class
cp G cp cp ComplementizerPhrase
Class
def G def def Definite
Class
dir G dir dir Directional
Class
do G do do DirectObject
Class
frame G frame frame Frame
Class
gerund G gerund gerund Gerund
Class
giv G giv giv GivenInformation
Class
indef G indef indef Indefinite
Class
inf G inf inf Infinitive
Class
infinitival_clause G infinitival_clause infinitival clause InfinitivalClause
Class
init G init init InitionalPosition
Class
interj G interj interj Interjection
Class
io G io io IndirectObject
Class
loc_adverbial G loc_adverbial loc adverbial LocalAdverbial
Class
main G main main MainClause
Class
main_declarative G main_declarative main declarative DeclarativeMainClause
Class
main_imperative G main_imperative main imperative ImperativeMainClause
Class
main_interrogative G main_interrogative main interrogative InterrogativeMainClause
Class
main_optative G main_optative main optative OptativeMainClause
Class
main_request G main_request main request RequestMainClause
Class
modal G modal modal ModalVerb
Class
modal_adverbial G modal_adverbial modal adverbial ModalAdverbial
Class
n G n n Noun
Class
neg G neg neg NegationWord
Class
new G new new NewInformation
Class
nif G nif nif NewInformationFocus
Class
nif-cf G nif-cf nif-cf MixedFocusForm
Class
noninit G noninit noninit NonInitionalPosition
Class
np G np np NounPhrase
Class
num G num num Numeral
Class
participial_construction G participial_construction participial construction ParticipialConstruction
Class
particle G particle particle Particle
Class
partpf G partpf partpf PastParticiple
Class
partpr G partpr partpr PresentParticiple
Class
pp G pp pp PrepositionalPhrase
Class
prdem G prdem prdem DemonstrativePronoun
Class
pred G pred pred PrepositionalObject
Class
predn G predn predn PredicateNoun
Class
prep G prep prep Preposition
Class
prindef G prindef prindef IndefinitePronoun
Class
printerr G printerr printerr InterrogativePronoun
Class
prpers G prpers prpers PersonalPronoun
Class
prposs G prposs prposs PossessivePronoun
Class
prref G prref prref ReflexivePronoun
Class
prrel G prrel prrel RelativePronoun
Class
prrez G prrez prrez ReciprocalPronoun
Class
ref G ref ref Referent
Class
relative G relative relative RelativeClause
Class
relative_obj G relative_obj relative obj ObjectFunctionRelativeClause
Class
relative_su G relative_su relative su SubjectFunctionRelativeClause
Class
su G su su Subject
Class
subordinate G subordinate subordinate SubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_attributive G subordinate_attributive subordinate attributive AttributiveSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_comparative G subordinate_comparative subordinate comparative ComparativeSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_concessive G subordinate_concessive subordinate concessive ConcessiveSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_conditional G subordinate_conditional subordinate conditional ConditionalSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_consecutive G subordinate_consecutive subordinate consecutive ConsecutiveSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_final G subordinate_final subordinate final FinalSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_interrogative G subordinate_interrogative subordinate interrogative InterrogativeSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_local G subordinate_local subordinate local LocalSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_modal G subordinate_modal subordinate modal ModalSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_object G subordinate_object subordinate object ObjectSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_subject G subordinate_subject subordinate subject SubjectSubordinateClause
Class
subordinate_temporal G subordinate_temporal subordinate temporal TemporalSubordinateClause
Class
temporal_adverbial G temporal_adverbial temporal adverbial TemporalAdverbial
Class
top G top top Topic
Class
v G v v MainVerb
Class
vfin G vfin vfin FiniteVerb
Class
vn G vn vn VerbalNoun
Class
voc G voc voc VocativeForm
Class
vp G vp vp VerbalPhrase
Class
wh G wh wh QuestionWord
Class